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  • Главная » Статьи » Страйкбол

    Камуфляжи армий мира, часть 2
    US Woodland Pattern Camouflage
    1981-present
      Название
    • M81 Woodland Camouflage Pattern
    • Battle Dress Uniform (BDU) Camouflage
    Страна

    США.
    Используется
    • US Air Force
    • US Army
    • US Marine Corps
    • US Navy
    • US SWAT Teams
           
    Описание

    One of the most pervasive, and functional, camos is the US M81, or more commonly the Woodland pattern. This was developed during the 1970s on the 1960s ERDL pattern after it became clear that every soldier should be outfitted with a complete camo suit instead of just "elite" units. The two are very similar but the M81 has larger shapes. Woodland has been in use since the late 1970s with the US and many of its allies. In particular, US style Woodland uniforms can be found all over South America and around the Pacific Rim. NATO countries, and even Switzerland, have standardized to a large degree on the four colors of brown, tan, green, and black found in this pattern. Collectors feel this is a shame because so much national identity is lost when coloring becomes generic.

    US 3-color Desert
    1990-present
      Название
    • Desert Battle Dress Uniform (DBDU) Camouflage
    Страна

    США.
    Используется
    • US Air Force
    • US Army
    • US Marine Corps
    • US Navy
         
    Описание

    The first general and widespread US desert camo entered into service right around the time of Desert Shield (1990). Commonly called 3 Color Desert it consists of broad swaths of olive green and small strips of dark brown on a sand color base. One can think of it as a dumbed down 6 color pattern. I have parka, jacket, pants, Kevlar helmet cover, and boonie in this pattern. Many other items are made in this pattern.

    Woodland MARPAT
    2002-present
      Название
    • Woodland MARPAT
    Страна

    США.
    Используется
    • US Marine Corps (USMC)
           
    Описание

    During the late 1990s the US Marine Corps decided that it was time to move on from the M81 Woodland pattern camo. They came up with a 4 color computer generated pattern which is called MARPAT. It bears some similarity to the Canadian CADPAT pattern because the same company developed both, but is distinctly different when directly compared. Especially when one looks closely and sees small USMC symbols printed at regular intervals! There is also a desert pattern which is similar but uses desert colors and supposedly a trials pattern with an urban coloration.

    Desert MARPAT
    2002-present
      Название
    • Desert MARPAT
    Страна

    США.
    Используется
    • US Marine Corps (USMC)
           
    Описание

    Ожидается...

    Universal Camouflage Pattern
    2005-present
      Название
    • ACUPAT
    • ARPAT
    • Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP)
    Страна

    США.
    Используется
    • US Marine Corps (USMC)
         
    Описание

    Ожидается...

    MultiCam
    2005-present
      Название
    • Multisham
    • Munticam
    Страна

    США.
    Используется
    • US Department of Homeland Security ICE SRT
    • Private Military Contractors
    • Some Law Enforcement Agencies
    • Some Special Operations Command Units
               
    Описание

    MultiCam™ is a modern multiple-environment camouflage pattern, which was developed by Crye Associates in conjunction with the U.S. Army Soldier Systems Center. It is a six-colour camouflage pattern, which relies heavily upon colour gradients to allow its overall appearance to change from greenish to brownish in different areas of the fabric. Smaller dark brown and light pinkish blotches spread irregularly throughout the pattern break up the larger background areas. This single colour combination is designed to be effective in all environments.

    MultiCam™ was developed as a potential replacement for the out-dated U.S. woodland pattern and U.S. 3-color desert camouflage. It performed well during the U.S. Army universal camouflage trials (2002–2004), but eventually lost to the Universal Camouflage Pattern

    Nevertheless, MultiCam™ is currently used by some units within the U.S. military's Special Operations Command, as well as by some private military contractors. Some local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies also make use of the camouflage pattern; the Department of Homeland Security ICE SRT is a case in point.

    Solnechnyye zaychiki
    1969-present
      Название
    • Computer Pattern
    • KLMK
    • Solnechnyye zaychiki
    • Laser Pattern
    • Sun bunnies
    • Sun-ray Pattern
    Страна

    Россия.
    Используется
    • Airborn troops of the USSR
    • Frontier troops of KGB
    • Land Forces of the USSR
    • Special-purpose troops GRU
       
    Описание

    Dubbed 'sun bunnies' (Russian: солнечные зайчики, trans. solnechnyye zaychiki) by Soviet soldiers, this two-colour camouflage pattern first appeared on the one-piece 1968/69 camouflaged summer concealing overalls (Russian: Камуфлированный летний маскировочный комбинезон, trans. kamuflirovannyy letniy maskirovochnyy kombinezon, KLMK).

    'Solnechnyye zaychiki' is a much-simplified version of the camoulfage pattern seen on the 1961 paratroopers' KLMK camouflage uniform. Like its predecessor, 'sun bunnies' is a two-colour camouflage pattern, comprising irregular, stepped, light-coloured blotches printed on a medium green background.

    Partizan (summer, bright)
    2004-present
      Название
    • SS pattern
    • SS summer
    Страна

    Россия.
    Используется
    • FSB special team Alfa
           
    Описание

    Both the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Russian: Федеральная служба безопасности, trans. Federalnaya sluzhba bezopasnosti, FSB) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russian: Министерство внутренних дел, trans. Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del, MVD) issue regular army uniforms to their interal forces and special operations units. At the time of writing, the latest camouflage pattern to be issued to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is Flora, which is very effective in central Russia.

    Unfortunately, a camouflage pattern that works well in the fields near Moscow isn't necessarily suitable to all of the diverse environments, in which Russian special forces are required to operate. For this reason most special operations units supplement their issue uniforms with commercially produced camouflage uniforms purchased by sponsors or out of their own pockets.

    The commercially produced Partizan camouflage pattern, shown here, first appeared around 2004. It was prominent during the Beslan school hostage crisis, during which it was worn by members of FSB Spetsgruppa Al'fa.

    Partizan is a four-colour camouflage, comprising dark brown, dark earth and yellow ochre elements on a medium green background. Overall, it is very similar in appearance to the war-time SS-Eichenlaubmuster ('SS oak-leaf pattern') camouflage pattern.

    Oversuits printed in the Partizan camouflage pattern are reversible. With its strong green colouration, the bright variant, shown here, is presumably intended for wear during the spring and summer months. The subdued variant, which appears on the reverse side of the cloth, is presumably intended for wear in drier regions.

    Raster
    2004-present
      Название
    • Raster
    Страна

    Россия.
    Используется
    • OMON
             
    Описание

    Historically, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russian: Министерство внутренних дел, trans. Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del, MVD) issues regular army uniforms to its interal forces and special operations units. At the time of writing, the latest camouflage pattern to be issued to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is Flora, which is very effective in central Russia.

    Unfortunately, a camouflage pattern that works well in the fields near Moscow isn't necessarily suitable to all of the diverse environments, in which Russian special forces are required to operate. For this reason most special operations units supplement their issue uniforms with commercially produced camouflage uniforms purchased by sponsors or out of their own pockets.

    Raster (Russian: Растр, trans. Rastr) is one of the more recently adopted camouflage patterns. Clearly based on the green woodland version of 'reed figure' (Russian: камышовый рисунок, trans. kamyshovyy risunok), rastr is a four-colour design, comprising an earth brown web-like pattern overprinted with jagged, hard-edged medium green and deep navy splinters, all on a light green background.

    The strong resemblance suggests that rastr was also intended for use by Interior Troops of the Ministry for Internal Affairs (Russian: Внутренние войска Министерства внутренних дел, trans. Vnutrenniye Voiska Ministerstva Vnutrennikh Del, VV MVD) fighting in Chechnya. However, Raster is known to be worn by certain units of OMON (Russian: Отряд милиции особого назначения, trans. Otryad militsii osobogo naznacheniya, Special Purpose Police Squad).

    Russian Digital Camouflage
    2008-present
      Название
    • Digital Flora
    Страна

    Россия.
    Используется
    • Armed Forces of Russian Federation
           
    Описание

    The current Russian military uniform was adopted under the presidential decrees of 23 May 1994. The uniform was intended for personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and other services, such as the Foreign Intelligence Service (Russian: Служба внешней разведки, trans. Sluzhba vneshney razvyedki, SVR), the Federal Counterintelligence Service (Russian: Федеральная служба контрразведки, trans. Federal'naya sluzhba kontrrazvyedki, FSK), the Border Guard Service of Russia (Russian: Russian: Пограничная служба России, trans. Pogranichnaya sluzhba Rossii, PSR) and the Presidential Security Service (Russian: Президентская служба безопасности, trans. Prezidentskaya sluzhba bezopasnosti, PSB).

    The decree on military uniform and insignia was amended twice: once in January 1997 and again in March 2002. The changes were intended to bring military insignia into line with State symbols, as well as to perpetuate and develop historic traditions of Russia's military heraldry.

    In May 2007, however, Defence Minister Anatoliy Eduardovich Serdyukov (Russian: Анатолий Эдуардович Сердюкóв) raised the question of changing the military uniform entirely. As a result, internationally-renowned fashion designer (Russian: Валентин Абрамович Юдашкинnew) was commissioned to revise the image of Russia's armed forces.

    The fruits of Yudashkin's labours were presented to President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: Владимир Владимирович Путин) at the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (Russian: Министерство обороны Российской Федерации, trans. Ministerstvo oborony Rossiyskoy Federatsii) on Monday, 28 January 2008. The uniforms on display included designs for enlisted soldiers and generals; for winter and summer service; and for men and women.

    The fact that professional models were hired to show the women's uniforms seems to have attracted far more attention than the fact that the Russian Federation seems set to jump aboard the digital camouflage bandwagon.

    This Russian digital camouflage pattern, which was also presented for Putin's appraisal, is a four-colour design. It retains the colours seen in Flora — for which reason it is sometimes called 'digital Flora' (Russian: дигитальная Флора, trans. digital'naya Flora) — with the addition of a very small amount of black. It is a low-contrast design, and its effectiveness as a camouflage pattern is the subject of much debate.

    The Deputy Minister of Defence, Army General Vladimir Isakov (Russian: Владимир Исаков), is alleged to have said that the Russian military shall migrate completely to the new uniform by 2011.

    Kamyshovyy risunok, woodland variant
    1996-present
      Название
    • Green reed
    • Reed pattern
    • Woodland reed
    Страна

    Россия.
    Используется
    • VV MVD
         
    Описание

    Both the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Russian: Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности, trans. Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti, FSB) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russian: Министерство внутренних дел, trans. Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del, MVD) issue regular army uniforms to their interal forces and special operations units. At the time of writing, the latest camouflage pattern to be issued to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is Flora, which is very effective in central Russia.

    Unfortunately, a camouflage pattern that works well in the fields near Moscow isn't necessarily suitable to all of the diverse environments, in which Russian special forces are required to operate. For this reason most special operations units supplement their issue uniforms with commercially produced camouflage uniforms purchased by sponsors or out of their own pockets.

    The commercially-produced 'reed figure' (Russian: камышовый рисунок, trans. kamyshovyy risunok) camouflage pattern is often worn by soldiers of the MVD. Known simply as reed pattern camouflage, in the West, this pattern was developed specifically for the tropical camouflage uniforms that were worn in Chechnya.

    Like the earlier MVD Tigr pattern, kamyshovyy risunok camouflage exists in woodland variants and blue urban variants. The woodland version, shown here, is a three-colour camouflage pattern, comprising jagged, hard-edged black and dark green splinters on a yellowish-green background. As was the case with the 1990 3-Ts family of camouflage patterns, the design elements are aligned vertically, rather than horizontally.


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